This task is about analyzing a real option.

You will prepare a report for the CFO and management by answering the questions in this task.

The firm has to decide whether to invest $30 Million in a new enterprise system to help manage resources and meet customer demand in the face of considerable technological and market uncertainty.

There can be a good or a bad result for this investment.

Good Result: A good result has a probability of .5 of occurring. Here the planned cost reductions have been realized and better integration of the supply chain is possible. Annual benefits under this scenario equal $10 million in after-tax cash flow per year over the life of the system which has been estimated as 8 years.

Bad Result: The system proves difficult and the growth in market demand for the product is lower. Annual benefits under this scenario are $2 million in after-tax cash flow per year for the 10 years.

Real Options: For these capital investments you must analyze the nature of risk in this capital investment and decide on how to adjust for that risk. You have decided to utilize an NPV analysis of the project. Now you must define project risks and utilize the concepts in real options to adjust or plan for that risk.

It will be best for you to provide an option tree graphic to show the options and then provide a table with the computations showing how you would compute the value of this project.

Scenario #1: Use 8% cost of capital in computations and compute the good result and poor result NPVs. Calculate the real option NPV using the results computed.

Scenario #2: Use a risk-adjusted cost of capital against the good scenario above which can adjust for risk variables such as; experience with the focus of the project, chance of change to

estimated variables (revenue, costs, timing, etc.), and/or the potential change in the cost of capital in the future.

Compute the new NPV using a variety of risk-adjusted discount rates. Justify your computations in determining how you have adjusted discount rates for risk. Discuss the outcomes from your adjustments and how you would apply them in capital expenditure justification.

Concept Check: Risk in finance is a deviation from expectation. We use this concept in computing beta by mathematically computing the Security Market Line (SML) for assets and then computing the deviation of the individual assets against the market. The utilization of real options analysis in project evaluation is similar to these concepts and the concept of weighted average cost of capital.

Helpful Hint: Risk adjustment in project management can be achieved in several manners. In the case of real options, we first need to identify the different paths our investments can take and then the probability that each event may occur.